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獅子山下 Hong Kong, 史海回眸 History

守護政府山

或許大家都有留意,最近鬧得沸沸揚揚的政府總部西座清拆問題,那時還沒當上政務司司長的林鄭月娥居然在古諮會投票決定政府山評級前搶閘宣佈政府總部西座必拆的決定,惹來一陣向古諮會施壓的疑雲。先不論林鄭這位特區第二把手這種操守是如何令人側目,政府山的歷史文化價值,只要稍為回顧一下香港歷史的都會知道。

自一八四一年英國人在上環水坑口登陸後,中環這港灣和山丘一直是這塊殖民地的軍政宗教權力核心環。政府山上的第一座教堂聖約翰座堂與總督府,以及旁邊花園道的美利兵房,沿山而下的添馬艦水軍船塢,轉回到中環的舊香港會所、佇立了泰美斯女神的最高法院(即最近搬離的舊立法會大樓),拾級而上到政府山旁的雄偉的中區警署及域多利監獄建築群,都見證了殖民者厲行公共治安及法律以維繫異族統治的目的。

這個基本格局在戰後大大改變。二戰後的嬰兒潮,加上了大陸變色的背景下,香港人口爆炸,經濟和社會環境也因此而天翻地覆,中環填海造地而因此誕生的新天星碼頭和皇后碼頭,碼頭接連着的香港大會堂,及至政府山上的新落成的政府總部,一改昔日華麗古典的西式傳統,改以平實簡約的面貌展現,這跟戰後英國對殖民地態度的微妙改變一脈相承。然而當時受天災的打擊,加上貧窮、青年問題令社會不安的滋生,也終引致一九六六年天星碼頭暴動。

昔者往矣,中環本來的歷史格局早已被殖民者拆去得肢離破碎。正因為英國人是以過客的身份,視這片殖民地只為生財工具,為了利益最大化而拆走香港人的歷史本屬常事,但九七過後香港人自己管治自己,居然依然在套用殖民者一貫的思維方法粗暴對待自己的歷史,卻是千古奇事。這也是筆者以前一直重覆,香港人未解殖的問題,有空亦會加以詳述。不管如何,現在天星皇后早已撒手人寰,市區各處的古物古蹟,新界的野外生態面臨威脅,政府山也面臨與天星皇后一樣的遭遇,香港人又豈能坐視不理。

力主保留西座的古諮會成員何佩然教授也翻查了關於政府在一九六九年西座舉辦新潮舞會的珍貴歷史資料。一九六九年政府總部的新潮舞會正正見證了戰後初期的移民潮和嬰兒潮,香港在人滿之患下貧窮和激進思想對年輕人的思想衝擊,一九六七年的左派暴動,逼使英國人正面回應社會的不滿,眾多新潮舞會之一的西座舞會正正反映了當年的政府破格的彈性,對青年的重視和容納,整幢西座對公眾開放的形成也見證了英國人走出以往高高在上的殖民者姿態,在香港人心中落地生根。

鑑古知今,現在香港社會漸走極端根本不是新鮮事,而只有回顧歷史,汲取教訓和學習前人智慧,我們才可為自己家園的未來籌謀得更好。而認識自身歷史的方法,除了翻查檔案外,更簡單和深刻,便是一幢幢活生生又獨一無二,彌足珍貴的歷史遺產。樹蔭繁茂、鳥語花香,偶爾見到幾隻小松鼠蹦跳,這般城市煩囂中間的一隅仙境,我們又怎捨得看到它大興土木。因此身為香港人,我們必須用盡一切守護政府山,守護我們的記憶。

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一九六九年新潮舞會照片

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